Under the health care act, starting in 2013, taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) over $200,000 per year ($250,000 for joint filers and $125,000 for married filing separately) may owe a new Medicare contribution tax, also referred to as the “net investment income tax” (NIIT). The tax equals 3.8% of the lesser of your net investment income or the amount by which your MAGI exceeds the applicable threshold.
Many of the strategies that can help you save or defer income tax on your investments can also help you avoid or defer NIIT liability. And because the threshold for the NIIT is based on MAGI, strategies that reduce your MAGI (such as making retirement plan contributions) can also help you avoid or reduce NIIT liability.
The rules on what is and isn’t included in net investment income are somewhat complex, so please contact us for more information — and to find out what tax-saving strategies may be effective in your particular situation.